Bansuri (Hindi: बांसुरी) (Bangla: বাঁসুরী) is a tall transverse flute native to India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal, made of a single piece of bamboo with six or seven open holes. An ancient musical instrument associated with cowboys and pastoral tradition, it is closely linked to the love story of Krishna and Radha, and is depicted in Buddhist paintings from around 100 AD. The word Bansuri comes from the Sanskrit [bamboo] + swar [musical note].
Bansuri is Lord Krishna's divine instrument and is esoterically associated with spiritual awakening or God's call to his devotees. Stories depict Krishna's Bansuri having a charming effect not only on the women of the Vrindavan, but also on the animals of the region.
Bansuri is one of the best instruments to express the emotional subtleties of the Hindu Raagas, the pure and rich tones of Bansuri are like a continuous prayer, with the ability to deeply calm and open the hearts of the listener and the flutist.
The movement of Bansuris in Indian classical music was relatively recent, pt. Pannalal Ghosh (1911-1960) pioneered the low intensity versions of Bansuri and brought the instrument of a folk instrument to the stage of serious classical music. Bansuri has since been further elevated by PT's world-renowned brilliance. Hariprasad Chaurasia. Bansuri has been an indispensable part of classical Hindustani music for over half a century.
Making Bansuri flutes is a beautiful art. The bamboo suitable for making a Bansuri needs to have many qualities. It must be thin and straight walls with a uniform circular section. Bansuris must be free of knots, so the selected bamboo needs long spaces between the knots. Being a natural material, it is difficult to find bamboo shafts with all these characteristics, which, in turn, makes good rare and expensive bansuris.